China to Implement Compulsory Education
--------- Build a high-quality national groups
On January 6th 2015, the beginning of the New Year, it was snowing and extremely cold outside. China Democracy Party held a rally in front of the Chinese Consulate General in New York, and the content is “ China has to implement compulsory education”. China Democracy Party intends to popularize cultural education in China, raising the overall quality, thoroughly civilized nation of China! Strong China! Benefit all the people.
This rally reviewed the educational activities in the past, summed up the situation, proposed future requirements.
First, recall the past. On April 1986, China promulgated the "People＇s Republic of China Compulsory Education Law" , this is the first time that putting free and compulsory education in the form of fixed laws, which also means that age appropriate children and adolescents must accept 9 years compulsory education. The development of compulsory basic education law marks a new stage of education. Although there are only 18 provisions inside, but the implementation of nine-year compulsory education has become a legal obligation.
The country uses law to make certain age appropriate child to receive some free education, which is also known as compulsory education, free education or universal compulsory education. Obligations means that parents and family has the obligation to let school-age children have education, and the country has the obligation to open school to let people get education, and the society as a whole has the obligation to remove the obstacles to the development of a variety of physical and mental integrity schoolchildren adverse effects.
This is imported from the west: in the 16th-century European religious reform movement, Protestant countries promoted broad based education in order to implement religious education. in 1619, the school act published by Weimabang in German set up the rule that parents should send their children to school from 6 to 12 years old, otherwise the government would force parents to fulfill this obligation. . This is the beginning of compulsory education. Britain, France, and the United States are mostly compulsory after the 1870s.
According to the statistics of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, until the late 1970s and early 1980s, nearly 60 countries had implemented the Compulsory Education Law. From this, we can tell that China is quite backward, need to introduce advanced stuff from China.
The length of implementing compulsory education is generally determined by the level of economic development and cultural education of the country. After the establishment of People＇s Republic of China, the "Chinese People Consultative Conference Common Program" and the National Constitution formally enacted in the future, are clearly stipulates that citizens have the right and obligation to receive education. But all these are just on paper, not in reality.
May 27, 1985, "the CPC Central Committee decision on education reform” pointed out that compulsory education, which according to the law, school-age children and adolescents must accept, the state, society, families must guarantee the education. it is very necessary for the national education development and modern production, it is a sign of China＇s adoption of modern civilization.
On September 12, 2008, Beijing Ministry of Education announced a new national education funding system. This system means financing 50 billion yuan annually and benefiting 20 million students, and it covers the secondary vocational education, vocational education, regular higher education and other fields (belonging to free compulsory primary and junior category), but just not ordinary high figure. (According to the "Comment" reported) This shows that China is still far behind the world＇s civilized countries.
Secondly summarizes the current situation. The problem ---hard to go to school, and unable to retain which has long plagued children at all levels of government and children in rural areas is hard to solve. It is heartbreaking to see some school kids cooking on the stove based with three stones, and multi-people squeeze a bed.
In addition, tuition in China’s Universities ranks the highest among the whole world.
After the college entrance examination scores came out, parents’ feelings are mixed: they are happy that children can go to university, and sad that they do not know where can they get the tuition.
Education, health care and housing has become Chinese people’s biggest three burdens now.
As early as July 18, 2005, China＇s "Science Times" pointed out: according to the "Global Higher Education rankings" published by an independent British organization, Japan has become the country with mist expensive tuition fees; New England ranks No.2; the United Kingdom is ranked 3rd. This report has compared higher education spending in sixteen countries, and shows Japan has the most expensive tuition spending, , the average student education spending is ￡ 8,930 per year (which contains five or six thousand dollars in tuition - author＇s note), and there is no tuition waiver. The average expenditure on education in European countries is between 42,900 and HK $ 59,000.
Although from the absolute numbers, Japan＇s tuition may indeed be the world＇s highest , one person’s total expenditure on education is ￡ 8,930 a year. According to the currency--one pound equals to 12.34 Yuan, one person’s total expenditure on education would be 110,000 per year. However, considering Japan＇s per capita GDP is 31 times than ours, then from the perspective of the proportion paid, 110,000 is only equals to 3,350 RMB.
However, University expenditure at this current stage in China is over 10,000 per year for each student, some only the tuition is over 10,000 a year. In other word, from the ability to pay, Chinese University’s expenditure at this stage is more than three times than the world＇s highest!
Now nearly a decade ha passed, whether the conclusions based on the statistics need to be amended?
Ask the Chinese government to come up with the latest figures to explain the situation!
The time length that a country implements compulsory education and the time length that a country implements compulsory education national wide is largely determined by the country’s level of economic development and cultural and educational foundation. In addition, it is also constrained by other factors, such as labor system.
Finally, we propose future requirements.
The good thing about compulsory education is that it is an obligation, which means family does not need to take out a lot of money for children going to school. The country pays the largest portion, and children enjoys the benefit. Without compulsory education, some children cannot attend middle school if he or she does not pass the exam. Then China＇s illiteracy and farmers will only increase, and it would be hard to catch up international standard. If in the future China, most people does not have knowledge, it would be hard to build China into a developed country. This really shows the importance of compulsory education.
In fact, Compulsory education is to improve the quality of citizens and reduce illiteracy. His advantage is also reflected in reducing the burden of poor parents, needy students may be exempt from tuition and fees. Compulsory education also reduces the occurrence rate of child labor. When students finish middle school would be around 16 years old, it would be legal to work then.
Nine years is not enough for Comprehensive compulsory education.
It should at least lasts for twelve years.
Comprehensive compulsory education should provide college loans, just like other developed countries such as the United States! Minimize the economic pressures on individuals and families, so that students can learn more knowledge.
Unschooled children in China
The right to education in today＇s world has been considered a basic human right. I hope that all Chinese people can get this basic human right.
As China Democracy Party members, we strongly urge the Chinese government: under the premise that Chinese government has become the world＇s richest government, please come up with people-oriented sincerity and implement compulsory education in China. It is very important to think all the children is your own children, then the nation would have hope, Children should all receive compulsory education. It would be the most effective way to improve the quality of Chinese Citizens through education, and ultimately integrate with the world’s civilization. It is the trend now.
A nation with culture and knowledge would be a promising nation. China＇s prosperity in China needs to depend on the knowledge of every people. China needs civilization,
China Democratic Party
China Democracy Journal
January 6, 2015
Unschooled Children in China