|Xu，Qing: The origin of American civil rights
For the first time, President Kennedy of the United States attributed the civil rights movement to "moral issues," clearly expressing the "urgent" nature of the issue, and warned that the cost of not taking action is to miss the opportunity to "take wise and responsible leadership of the civil rights movement." The hands of the people turn to the hands of the makers of hatred and violence."
The US House Judiciary Committee drafted a tough-word bill that requires racial discrimination to be prohibited in all facilities related to interstate commerce and in all businesses that receive state business licenses. The racists have made a strong rebound. Just a few hours after the president’s speech, the Mississippi leader of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People was assassinated.
In order to exert pressure on Congress and demonstrate the urgency of the civil rights cause, many civil rights groups formed a broad alliance and planned to hold a large non-violent “into Washington” campaign.
On August 28, 1963, 250,000 people, including 50,000 white people, held a rally called "Work and Freedom" at the Lincoln Memorial in the capital.
Union members, students, teachers, pastors, professionals, musicians, actors and other Americans from different industries in the United States participated in the largest political gathering in the history of the United States.
Participants raised their hands and sang the song "We Shall Overcome" under the leadership of the famous white folk song singer.
Dr. King’s last speech, pushed the rally to the peak of emotion. He combined the promise of democracy with the religious enthusiasm of the Declaration of Independence and published the famous speech "I Have a Dream." One of them said this:
I have a dream that one day, this country will rise and regenerate from the true meaning of its creed: "We believe that these truths are self-evident - all life is equal"... When we allow freedom The sound rang, and when we let it ring from every small village, every city in every state, we can accelerate that day. On that day, all the children of God—black and white, Jewish and non-Jewish, Protestant, and Catholic—can sing together the lyrics of the ancient black soul song: “The ultimate freedom! Finally free! Thanks for the great God, we are finally free."
The march into Washington has a high historical status. It is a peak in the long-term development of the American civil rights movement and marks a new starting point. Its most important significance is that it highlights the racial unity of the people and greatly inspires civil rights leaders and liberals. They are determined to pass a new civil rights bill in Congress.
In November 1963, President Kennedy was assassinated and cast a huge shadow on the development of the United States, especially the civil rights movement.
It also shows that civil rights in the United States are hard to come by...
January 19, 2019