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Zhou, Lan: What is meant by the 1989, the “June 4th” movement?
Date: 12/2/2017 7:51:09 PM Sender: Zhou, Lan
Zhou, Lan: What is meant by the 1989, the “June 4th” movement?
周岚(Zhou, Lan)
In 1989, the "June 4th" incident in China not only shocked the whole world, but also greatly changed the development process of China and even the whole world.
On the 25th anniversary of the June 4th Incident, Radio Free Asia produced five special episodes to provide a detailed, objective and detailed restoration of this historical event.
After the death of Chinese President Mao Zedong before 1976, his successor Hua Guofeng and some important figures in the CCP quickly arrested the so-called Gang of Four, including Mao Zedong’s wife Jiang Qing.
Subsequently, a large number of CCP veterans who were defeated by Mao Zedong, including Deng Xiaoping and Chen Yun, came to power and gradually replaced Hua Guofeng to obtain the supreme power of the country.
After Deng Xiaoping and other CCP veterans took power, they changed the established policies left by Mao Zedong and started the so-called reform and opening up.
Reform refers to the reform of the economic system, while opening refers to the opening up of economy and trade.
These veterans of the CCP do not directly hold the highest nominal position of the CCP.
At that time, China’s nominally top leaders were General Secretary Hu Yaobang and Premier Zhao Ziyang, who later took over as General Secretary.
Deng Xiaoping proposed a very pragmatic policy. Regardless of white cats or black cats, catching mice is a good cat, letting some people get rich first, crossing the river by feeling the stones, etc.
Hu Yaobang presided over the practice, which is the only criterion for testing truth. During the nationwide discussion, intellectuals and people of insight across the country boldly discussed the direction of China's future during the 1980s.
Especially in universities, young elites are more concerned about state affairs. The atmosphere of freedom and openness in schools at that time was far better than in China today.
At the end of 1986 and early 1987, large-scale student protests broke out in China. This movement was first launched by the University of Science and Technology of China in Hefei, Anhui Province. The student protests targeted officials’ increasingly serious corruption problems and criticized the government for complete A system of people’s congresses that cannot be supervised.
Subsequently, a large number of students from universities in 17 large and medium-sized cities including Shanghai, Beijing, Wuhan, Kunming, Guangzhou, and Tianjin took to the streets to protest.
The academy protests quickly ended under both hard and soft pressure from the Chinese Communist Party. However, Deng Xiaoping, the de facto supreme leader of the Chinese Communist Party at the time, believed that this was caused by the unfavorable result of Hu Yaobang’s “opposing bourgeois liberalization”, and Hu Yaobang was forced to After resigning as the general secretary, Fang Lizhi, a well-known astrophysicist and vice president of the University of Science and Technology of China, was expelled from the party on charges of inciting student movements. The CCP has launched a nationwide campaign to eliminate spiritual pollution and oppose liberalization.
However, what surprised the CCP was that just one and a half years later, another democratic movement with a larger scale, longer duration, and more profound impact broke out again. This is the 1989 Movement.
On June 4, 1989, the Chinese Communist Army suppressed the movement.

Zhou, Lan
December 2, 2017

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