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Wang, Jinping: The National Spirit of Democracy
Date: 7/7/2018 4:45:07 PM Sender: Wang, Jinping
Wang, Jinping: The National Spirit of Democracy

王金萍(Wang, Jinping)
Further research can be found that there is still a concept of democracy in the traditional Confucianism that complements the concept of freedom. This concept of democracy is embedded in the values of Confucian state subject. According to this value, the ruler of power is only for the people. Therefore, it should serve the people.
This kind of distinction is the concept of "the people are the lords" who regard the people as the main body of the country. Later, it was followed by the enlightenment thinker Huang Zongxi (1610-1695) in the Ming and Qing dynasties. The ancients were dominated by the world. The expression of the expression of the guest, the monarch's life and the business, for the world is also re-expressed.
The "world" mentioned by Huang Zongxi here is relative to "Jun", which refers to the people of the world; the saying that "the world is the main, the king is the guest", it is said that "the people are the main, the monarch is the guest."
The meaning of "Jun for the guest" is that "the ruler is the world and the operator is the world."
Obviously, the political concept contained in Huang Zongxi’s "people-oriented, monarch-to-guest" and the political concept contained in the scorpion "making the king for the people" are completely consistent. They are all the national subjects that belong to the "people for the purpose and the king as the tool". Values.
After reading the "Ming Yi Waiting Record" written by Huang Zongxi, Gu Yanwu publicly and clearly stated that he fully agreed with the views and opinions expressed in the "Visit to Be Visited": "...Let's read the "Visit" So, knowing that there is no one in the world, the king of the hundred kings can be revived, and the prosperity of the three generations can be returned."
Therefore, we do not have to always understand the historical context of the development of Confucianism in accordance with the traditional Confucian concept of inheritance. It seems that only a group of thoughts such as Han Zhong Dong Zhongshu, Song Confucianism ,Zhu Xi, etc. The great Confucianism recognized by the empire and approved by the official orthodox thoughts for a long time is the authentic inheritor of Confucianism. It cannot be considered that only the understanding of the way can grasp the true thoughts and true spirit of Confucianism, but it can also be based on Confucius. To the scorpion and then to the development clues of Huang Zongxi and Gu Yanwu to understand Confucianism and grasp the true thoughts and true spirit of Confucianism.
According to the latter way of understanding, the true thought of Confucian political philosophy should be understood as the development process of the concept of "the people are the end of the country" from "the people are the country" to "the people are the country". The true spirit should be understood intrinsically. The national democratic spirit of "taking the people as the mainstay".

Wang, Jinping
July 7, 2018

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