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Duan,Wenzhe: The beginning of the human rights blueprint
Date: 9/19/2018 6:02:47 PM Sender: Duan,Wenzhe
Duan,Wenzhe: The beginning of the human rights blueprint
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段文喆(Duan,Wenzhe)
Today's world sees the popular saying of American official history: from the beginning of the founding of the United States, the United States was a country that emphasized human rights. The 1789 Bill of Rights (10 constitutional amendments) inherited the Magna Carta from 1215. The early British political literature, the British 1689 Rights Act until the 1776 George Mason Virginia Bill of Rights, a glorious tradition that lasted for hundreds of years; and the 1945 Charter of the United Nations and the 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights were again The "Four Freedoms" first proposed by Roosevelt in his State of the Union address in 1941 and the Atlantic Charter in August of the same year.
The chairman of the first UN Human Rights Commission, chaired by Roosevelt’s wife, Eleanor Roosevelt, further strengthened this narrative.
To this day, people have taken it for granted that the current human rights cause is linked to the American historical tradition and the longer Anglo-American liberal tradition. It seems that this banner has belonged to the Anglo-American community since ancient times and has always been the world. Looking up.
In fact, this is not the case. History also tells the world another story: When the United Nations was established 70 years ago, it was Cuba, Panama, and other small and medium-sized Latin American countries, not the United States, which vigorously promoted the establishment of universal human rights standards in the world.
At that time, the situation was: on the one hand, the conservative forces of the United States and Britain and other countries intended to impose a "human rights of Westerners in the 18th century" to the whole world. On the other hand, many Latin American countries such as Cuba insisted on a race regardless of race. The universal human rights of all human beings, regardless of their color, are opposed to "ethnocentrism" in this field.
On the surface, it seems that there are differences of opinion within the human rights movement. The essence is not the same, and its significance is no less than the struggle between the human rights movement and the Nazi movement. Because of the human rights standards of Western “ethnocentrism”, it is often an anti-human rights violation for other cultures, especially the weak ones.
The first motion to ask the United Nations to join a Bill of Rights into the Charter of the United Nations was proposed by the three Latin American countries of Cuba, Chile and Panama at the 1945 San Francisco Conference.
In the final text of the charter, seven articles dealing with human rights and a large number of articles in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights are also from the hands of delegations from these countries.
It can be said that without the persistence and struggle of these socialists, the concept of "universal human rights" will only be the scope of the "four freedoms" advocated by Roosevelt, and it will not include the improvement of living standards, full employment, and economic and social development. "Basic human rights", "equal rights" and "social progress" in terms of conditions and so on.

Duan,Wenzhe
September 19, 2018



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