| Defend the Freedom of Internet
On January 5, 2016, China Democracy Party held a rally in front of Chinese Consulate General in New York, requesting “ defend the freedom of Internet!”
The Second World Internet Conference was held from December 16, 2015 to December 18, 2015. A total of 120 countries participated in it, and the theme of it is "interoperability, shared cohabitation - Construction cyberspace community of destiny." However, this meeting was organized by the "National Internet Information Office," sponsored by "Zhejiang People＇s Government".
This meeting is part of China＇s global lobbying activities intended to promote so-called "Internet sovereignty" concept, advocated that each country should have an unrestricted right to regulate network infrastructure and network activity on its territory, including a review and restrict information and access to information within the border.
This meeting, held in Zhejiang Province, lasts for three days. On last year＇s meeting, officials had urged participants to sign an undertaking to accept China claims sovereignty over the Internet. Several people familiar with the participants revealed that due to the fear of a new file distribution, Western companies and diplomats attended the conference has decreased this year compared with last year. To avoid Chinese official’s retaliation, these insiders requesting anonymity.
How to regulate the global Internet, and in the wider field of science and technology, China has been trying to get a bigger say. Beijing promoted its state-owned telecom operators invested heavily in the development of standards for cellular communications to achieve greater influence; while Chinese officials are trying to get promotion in the global Internet regulatory bodies, such as the Secretary-General of the ITU is the Chinese citizens. The agency increasingly assume management responsibilities of network security, which is the result of a major goal of China, and also in 2005 the first session of the WSIS (World Summit on Information Society) outcome document.
China uses complex control means, monitoring more than 640 million Internet users, and uses a set called "Great Firewall" (Great Firewall) systems, shielding thousands of foreign sites, thereby limiting Chinese users on the network to see the contents and actions made. In China＇s view, the Internet sovereignty for these practices provides legitimacy.
Personnel involved in the negotiations said that even after the request was refused, the current negotiations on the outcome document, soon turned into a heated argument against the wording. The point of contention is that the wording of network security, and the right to government control of the border in the digital Internet. This involves all Member States of the United Nations from the beginning of the negotiations this summer. 。
The final version of the document presented supports what the US, the EU, as well as Brazil, India and other developing countries promote--"multi-stakeholder" (multi-stakeholder) network governance. Multi-stakeholder model promotes a civil society, enterprises, academic institutions, and government engineers, building on the basis of consensus on the management system.
Participants in the negotiations said that China in order to increase its influence in the negotiations, often allies with Russia, Cuba, as well as developing organization "Group of 77" (Group of 77), which is actually 134 Member States.
Last month, China and its allies attempt to add wording, which described the decision-making related to Internet public policy issues as "national sovereignty." But the United States, Canada and other countries, said that if the file contains this statement, it will terminate negotiations. It was revealed that the Western side spent two days of negotiations, then the other withdrawn the offer. 。
Internet freedom related to the future of human civilization!
Chinese government pushed the "Internet sovereignty", and maintained network control rationality; but in the end, under the international pressure, still added the "freedom of speech" and "democracy" and other terms to the document of the World Internet Conference.
This shows that even the dictatorship had to give in to Internet freedom, had to agree to protect human rights and online privacy.
The Chinese government is actively seeking to exert influence on Internet governance. "China has been very actively advocate with more government control in how people access, and who has access to data in negotiation," Peter M. Gacek (Peter Micek) said. He is the legal advisers for digital rights group Access Now＇s global policies which headquartered in New York. This organization is also involved in the negotiations.
"The good thing is negotiators tried to veto the worst advice, and recognition of our human rights, including the right to privacy and freedom of expression, as well as the use of information and security tools for digital rights, are still under threat," Rice Gacek said.
But China seems to be satisfied with the document, because the text was endorsed by the government on cybersecurity issues related to national security, a "leading role" - this is one of the primary goals of China. The document also cites the "UN Charter", the Charter of the United Nations in recognition of national sovereignty and non-interference in internal affairs of States and other principles.
But in fact, the Internet is beyond the borders!
Countries do not have the power split internet!
Internet is the common wealth of mankind!
Dictatorship should not monopolize the fate of mankind!
We strongly urge the Chinese Democrats: defending the freedom of internet!
Chinese Democratic Party
China Democracy Journal
January 5, 2016